ნახური ენები

Nakh Languages




 ნახური ენები

Nakh Languages

Explanation of terms

The Chechen self-name is (singular) Nwoxčuo, (plural) Nwoxči: the language is nwoxči:n mwott (lit. "language of the Chechens"). The Russian and general European term Chechen comes from the name of a lowlands village.

Area of distribution

Chechen is spoken in a sizable area in the eastern central part of the North Caucasus: the eastern and central Chechen-Ingush ASSR, with outliers in northwestern Daghestan and northeastern Georgia. There were 755,782 Chechen at the time of the 1979 (comapare to 318,522 in 1926). It makes the Chechen the largest ethnic group of the North Caucasus and the largest indigenous Caucasian group after the Georgians.

Dialect varieties

Chechen has a number of dialects, which differ primarily in the presence or absence of umlaut and its phonemic treatment: lowlands dialect, Akkin, Cheberlo, Melkhin, Itumkhal, Galanchozh, Kistin.  The literary language is based on the central lowlands dialect. The dialects are mutually intelligible, though not always with ease; communicating with speakers of the distinctive Kisti dialect of Georgia may take a day or two of practice for a northern lowland speaker hearing it fot the first time.

The consonant system of Chechen
The vowel system of Chechen

Copyright ARMAZI Project / Manana Tandashvili, / Lana Ahlborn Frankfurt / Tbilisi 2002. All rights reserved.

საავტორო უფლება ეკუთვნის "არმაზის" პროექტს და მანანა თანდაშვილს,/   ლანა ალბორნს  ფრანკფურტი / თბილისი 2002 წ.